Taking care of your skin is as important as your health, as your skin is the first defence of your body against environmental stressors. However, even your skin can be affected by these stressors such as UV light and suffer through problems such as hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation is caused by a variety of factors including UV rays, and luckily, it can be treated using different methods. Today, we will take a look at some of the hyperpigmentation causes and remedies, while understanding everything you need to know!
What Causes Hyperpigmentation On the Face?
Hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition that occurs when the skin produces an excessive amount of melanin, the pigment that gives colour to our skin, hair, and eyes. This overproduction can result in patches of skin that are darker than the surrounding areas. Hyperpigmentation can appear anywhere on the body but is most commonly seen on the face, neck, and hands.
There are several causes of hyperpigmentation, including:
- Sun exposure: When skin is exposed to UV rays from the sun, it triggers an increase in melanin production to protect the skin from further damage. Over time, this can lead to dark spots, freckles, or an overall tan. Sun exposure can also worsen existing hyperpigmentation, making it more noticeable.(1)
Also Read : How to Get Rid of Tanning Naturally
- Hormonal changes: Hormonal imbalances can cause an increase in melanin production. This is why some women experience dark spots or patches during pregnancy or while taking hormonal medications, such as birth control pills.
- Skin injury or inflammation: When the skin is injured or inflamed, such as from a cut, burn, or acne, the body may produce an excess of melanin in the affected area, leading to hyperpigmentation. This type of hyperpigmentation is often referred to as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
- Certain medications: Some medications, such as tetracycline antibiotics, can cause hyperpigmentation as a side effect. This type of hyperpigmentation can appear as dark spots or patches on the skin and is often referred to as drug-induced hyperpigmentation.
- Ageing: As we age, our skin naturally loses some of its ability to produce melanin evenly. This can lead to the development of age spots, which are a type of hyperpigmentation.
Also Read : Best Anti-Ageing Skin Care Routine
- Genetics: Hyperpigmentation can also be inherited and run in families. People with a family history of hyperpigmentation may be more likely to experience this condition.
Hyperpigmentation can be treated with a variety of methods, including topical creams, chemical peels, and laser therapy. Let’s take a closer look at how you can treat dark hyperpigmentation on the face.
5 Ways To Get Rid Of Hyperpigmentation On Face
Now that we know more about what causes hyperpigmentation, the next step is to figure out the best treatment for your skin. As there are both chemical and natural ways to treat hyperpigmentation, the treatment course depends on your individual preferences and the severity of the condition. For instance, mild hyperpigmentation can be treated using natural remedies and natural skin care products, while in extreme cases, you might have to undergo chemical treatment.
We have listed some common ways to get rid of hyperpigmentation on the face here:
There are several topical creams available over-the-counter or by prescription that can lighten hyperpigmented areas, such as hydroquinone, kojic acid, arbutin, and Vitamin C.
Chemical peels, such as glycolic acid or salicylic acid peels, can help to remove the top layer of skin and lighten dark spots.
This is a non-invasive skin resurfacing treatment that removes the top layer of skin, helping to reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation.
Laser therapy, such as intense pulsed light (IPL) or Q-switched lasers, can help to lighten hyperpigmentation by destroying melanin-producing cells.
Some people use natural remedies, such as lemon juice or aloe vera, to lighten hyperpigmented areas. Let’s take a closer look at some of these natural remedies for treating dark hyperpigmentation on the face.
Aloe Vera has skin-lightening properties and can help to reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation. You can apply pure aloe Vera gel directly to the affected areas or use skincare products that contain aloe Vera. If you are looking for a natural product with aloe vera that will not only reduce hyperpigmentation but also nourish your face, you can try Pure Sense Hydrating Sleeping Mask, which is enriched with cucumber and hyaluronic acid, along with aloe vera, to give your face complete nourishment and protection.
Potatoes contain an enzyme called catecholase, which can help to lighten dark spots and hyperpigmentation. Simply slice a potato and rub it over the affected area, or apply potato juice to the area using a cotton ball.
Lemon juice is a natural skin lightener and can help to reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation. Simply apply lemon juice to the affected area using a cotton ball and leave it on for 10-15 minutes before rinsing with water.
To experience the goodness of vitamin C, you can also try Pure Sense Brightening Sheet Mask with Papaya Extract, which will help in treating all dark spots including hyperpigmentation.
Sandalwood has skin-lightening properties and can help to reduce hyperpigmentation. Mix sandalwood powder with rose water to make a paste, apply it to the affected area, and leave it on for 20-30 minutes before rinsing with water.
Turmeric has skin-lightening properties and can help to reduce hyperpigmentation. Mix turmeric powder with milk or honey to make a paste, apply it to the affected area, and leave it on for 20-30 minutes before rinsing with water.
It's important to keep in mind that natural remedies may take longer to produce results and the effectiveness can vary from person to person. Also, always patch-test the remedies on a small area of skin before applying them to your entire face, as some ingredients may cause skin irritation or allergies in some individuals.
We hope now you know more about hyperpigmentation causes and remedies. Before trying any new methods, you should always perform a patch test and in case of any treatments, please consult your doctor as every skin type requires different treatment methods.
FAQs on Dark Hyperpigmentation On Face
What causes hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is caused by an increase in melanin production, which gives colour to skin, hair, and eyes. Factors that can lead to increased melanin production and result in hyperpigmentation include sun exposure, hormonal changes, skin injury or inflammation, certain medications, ageing, and genetics. Consult a dermatologist for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.
Does vitamin C help hyperpigmentation on the face?
Yes, Vitamin C has been shown to be effective in reducing the appearance of hyperpigmentation on the face. Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant that can help to inhibit the production of melanin, which is the pigment that causes hyperpigmentation. (2) It can also help to brighten the skin and improve skin tone. Vitamin C can be found in topical skincare products, such as serums, and can also be ingested as a dietary supplement.
How can I fix my hyperpigmentation naturally?
Here are some natural remedies for hyperpigmentation:
- Aloe Vera gel
- Potato juice
- Lemon juice
- Sandalwood paste
- Turmeric paste
These remedies may help reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation, but results may vary and take longer to show. It's important to patch the test before using it on the entire face and to consult a dermatologist for advice.